Effects of Missing Teeth

All the consequences of tooth loss.

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Missing Teeth

People lose teeth due to a variety of reasons.

However, it is essential to obtain a replacement for lost teeth as soon as possible to prevent the damaging consequences of lost teeth.

As the average lifespan of the population continues to increase, it becomes critical to maintain the general health and comfort of the body.

Restoring your teeth with a long-term solution becomes a critical consideration as the loss of teeth can have many ramifications.

Why Do People Have Missing Teeth?

Teeth can be lost due to several reasons:

  • Gum disease may have progressed to an advanced stage where the tooth is highly infected and loose. The prognosis of the tooth may be inferior, and there may be no other alternative than to recommend a tooth extraction.
  • A tooth may have been fractured due to an accident or mouth injury. It may have fractured so that it cannot be restored effectively or optimally. In these cases, your dentist may advise having the tooth taken out.
  • You may have experienced progressive decay, rendering a tooth too infected for treatment.
  • A root canal-treated tooth may have become re-infected with an inferior prognosis and thus need to be removed.
  • Teeth may have been extracted when younger since it was the most straightforward option, or the patient may not have wanted expensive restorative build-up treatment.

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What Happens if You Do Not Have Teeth Replacement Treatment?

Regardless of the reason for a missing tooth, if a gap or space left by a missing tooth is not filled up with an artificial tooth, then there can be several cascading biological processes that subsequently follow.

The extent and severity of the consequences of missing teeth depend on the number of teeth lost and the severity of the trauma caused upon extraction.

The problems associated with missing teeth can be either directly related to the lack of teeth or a lower performance solution such as inconsistently fitting dentures.

There can also be a negative impact of incorrect treatment choices.

Following a Tooth Extraction, a Person Can Have Some or All of the Following Consequences

When teeth are lost, the surrounding bone loses its purpose and thus tends to regress and resorb away.

When teeth are present, the bone serves to hold the teeth in place.

In this respect, your jawbone behaves very similar to muscles. If muscles are used constantly, then they remain strong and present. However, if you stop using any particular muscle, it would slowly waste away. This is called Atrophy.

Similarly, bone requires stimulation from the teeth to continue to remain dense and strong. When teeth are lost, the jawbone surrounding the lost tooth tends to become atrophic, less dense, and so resorbs away, losing its form.

Over time, the jawbone loses its shape and density, becoming very thin and weak. This causes problems of instability and retention with dentures or loss of cosmetics with a bridge forming a gap underneath it. Since the atrophic process occurs very slowly, a person may not realise this is happening until they begin to suffer the consequences, such as a poor fitting or unretentive denture.

Hence, continuous stimulation is required by either teeth or treatment such as dental implants. Scientific studies have proven that the constant chewing forces being applied to teeth are required to preserve the jawbone and keep it strong.

This is one of the main reasons why so much focus has been given to innovative tooth replacement treatments like dental implants.

When teeth are lost, the face can appear more ageing.

Loss of multiple teeth can mean there is no longer any support for the facial muscles and skin.

This can lead to a hollowing of the cheek areas or increased nasolabial folds (nose to lip line). Also, the lower third of the face compared to the middle and upper third can appear disproportionately shorter due to vertical jawbone loss.

These factors can accelerate line and wrinkle formation on the face contributing to diminishing facial aesthetics.

As a direct consequence of missing teeth, the cosmetic appearance of the mouth and the smile can be negatively impacted.

Often when the missing teeth gaps have been left for some time, the subsequent Treatment Plans can be more complex, needing procedures like Gum Grafting to achieve the required aesthetics.  

Tooth loss’s emotional and psychological consequences can be pretty complex and disturbing.

Symptoms can range from minimal effects such as placing the hand over the mouth when talking to various levels of deep anxiety.

Some patients feel they have lost a part of themselves and are no longer “whole” and thus experience the emotional effects of an oral disability.

This worsens over time as they experience symptoms like unstable unretentive dentures due to gradual loss of bone.

Alternatively, people can suffer from the psychological impact of social embarrassment with either missing teeth or having to wear unretentive dentures. 

Patients who have lost teeth or wear dentures may impact their general lives, reducing the quality of their lifestyle.

Experiencing things such as a continuous bad taste from food trapping underneath poor-fitting dentures where the fit may have changed over time; inconsistent denture fit; constantly having to reapply denture fixative; unable to chew correctly with no or unstable dentures, and the consequences of a decreased performance over time of the other teeth and dentures.

These things can inhibit the quality of life, making it a noticeable lifestyle disability. 

When teeth are taken out, the neighbouring teeth may move into the space created by the lost tooth.

This can result in tilting and rotating other teeth into the space, which has many knock-on effects on the rest of the mouth. There are many adverse effects on the bite functioning as a direct consequence of losing teeth.

These include:

  • Bite discrepancies. When teeth are not aligned and upright as they should be, their biting surfaces are also tilted incorrectly. This means that the once-upon-a-time stable and harmonious bite no longer exists, and teeth will be misused. These causes wear facets to form, further disrupting the bite patterns. The bite, as a result, becomes unbalanced. This can lead to fractures and breaking of fillings and teeth.
  • Excess tooth wear. When teeth are lost, the remaining teeth tend to take the brunt of the biting forces and, over time, will wear faster. This is especially true when the back teeth are lost; it is common to see highly worn incisors (front teeth).
  • The aesthetics of the smile will deteriorate. Tooth movement can lead to discrepancies such as crowding to develop or spacing to open up between teeth. This begins to impact the smile and aesthetics over time negatively.
  • Gum disease. As the other teeth move, the likelihood for plaque and tartar to build-up increases. This is because it becomes increasingly more difficult to clean the teeth due to the extra nooks and crannies developing around the mouth that only worsen. This causes gum disease or decay to develop.
  • They have complicated future treatments. When the other teeth in the mouth move, future treatments increasingly become more complex and costlier. This is because the loss of teeth affects not only the remaining teeth in both movement and infection but also the gums are impacted by developing gum disease. This leads to more complex Treatment Plans.
  • Losing your front teeth can affect the pronunciation of your words and thus affect your speech. Front incisor teeth, together with the lips, are needed to make certain sounds such as “F”, “V”, and “S”.
  • Chewing Performance. One of the most critical functions of teeth is to break down and chew your food into small pieces before the rest of your digestive system takes over. Without good teeth functioning and bite dynamics, this may not occur—this cause you to make different food choices and adjustments to the foods you would typically enjoy eating. Also, you may experience nutritional deficiencies since your body might not be able to absorb the proper nutrients from the foods you cannot break down. The jawbone, jaw joints, teeth and the central nervous system all work together in a delicate, harmonious balance, continuously feeding off the sensory nerve receptors in each part. When teeth are lost, the information translated into the neurosensory system dramatically reduces the maximum bite forces. This sets in the inefficiency of chewing patterns.
  • Comfort. When teeth are gradually lost, you will generally tend to be more uncomfortable in your mouth due to the above consequences.

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What our Patients Need to Know

Learn more about what we offer here at the Perfect Smile Studios.

Many reasons patients in London and beyond choose us is because of our attention to detail, the care we provide, how we prepare and the results we achieve.

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  • We can help establish monthly payment plans.
  • We provide 0% finance for up to 24-month term plans. Many patients find our payment plan option very useful.
  • Terms over 24 months will be low-interest bearing.
  • If you want to consider this option, we will need to carry out a few credit checks.
  • We can discuss payment plans at both the Hertfordshire & the London clinic
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At The Perfect Smile, we understand that patients may be naturally nervous when thinking of undergoing dental implant surgery.

We want to reassure you that the dental implant treatment is not painful due to the proper use of local anaesthetics to numb the bone and gum deeply.

We can also use sedation techniques that also contribute to no pain or discomfort. More.

Treatment Plan
  • Step 1: We will start the process with a highly detailed and thorough comprehensive examination and assessment. We will then construct a customised treatment plan and design your implant treatment.
  • Step 2: An implantologist surgically places your new implant(s) in your mouth.
  • Step 3: We will assess your healing on this review appointment and make sure everything is going as planned.
  • Step 4: The dentist records and impressions to construct the implant’s top part (post and crown).
  • Step 5: The dentist will fit the final part of the implant (post and crown).
  • Step 6: Your final appointment allows you to have any further refining cosmetic enhancements or minor adjustments.


Fast Process

  • Minimal appointments: Unlike traditional dental implant surgery, you will need fewer appointments
  • No lengthy treatment time: The healing time is fast and effective, though individual to each person.
Bone Quality
  • When you lose a tooth, the surrounding bone that holds the tooth in place will diminish in height, width, and volume. This may affect the immediate and final appearance of the gum tissue in this area and possibly the surrounding teeth.
  • The larger the width of bone or the height of the bone, the wider and longer implant can be. A wider and longer implant increases implant stability and thus success. We assess the bone height and width by taking digital radiographs or by taking a CT Scan. More.

Implant Costs

The price of a dental implant can depend on whether any further treatments are needed to make sure your implant is a success.

Treatment Cost
Implant Consultation
Implant Placement from
Crown from

Implant FAQs

  • Will Dental Implants Last a Lifetime? Once the implant has fused with your jawbone and tissues, the artificial titanium implant acts as an ordinary root. The longevity of your implant depends on how you improve and maintain your oral health. Read more.
  • Does a Dental Implant Hurt? When we place the implant, we make sure the procedure is pain-free. We offer a range of sedation and techniques suitable for nervous patients. You can find out more here.
  • How Old Do I Have to Be for a Dental Implant? There isn’t an age limit for dental implants. However, our dentists recommend that you have to be over 18 for the dental implant procedure. Read on.
  • Is a Dental Implant Treatment Safe? We also use extensive planning systems to ensure the implant treatment is successful. Find out more.
  • Are Dental Implants Worth It? A dental implant offers a wealth of oral health benefits. An implant can improve your smile, realign neighbouring teeth, protect your mouth from gum disease, etc. Read the benefits.
  • Is the Process Painful? You can expect to feel pain with a new implant; however, the discomfort is kept to a minimum with modern anaesthetics. Nevertheless, post-process, there can be some swelling and aching for 5 -10 days. Many patients have multiple implants in a single day without undue pain or distress. More.

Free Consulations

Contact us for any questions, requests and further information; or to arrange a FREE Initial Consultation.
Our free no obligation Initial Consultation will be with our dentist and/or our Treatment Coordinators. The suitability of options discussed will ultimately be dependent upon your clinical assessment with a dentist at the practice.
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    Highly Experienced Implant Team

    An unparalleled level of patient trust: Dr Rahul Doshi is the founder of the Perfect Smile and is the current President of the BACD.

    With over 25 years of dental implant experience, Dr Rahul Doshi proudly leads a highly skilled team with access to the latest dental technology.

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    Successful Dental Implants Can Last a Lifetime

    Once the implant has fused with your jawbone and tissues, the artificial titanium implant acts as an ordinary root.

    When we implant a titanium implant into the jawbone, it becomes part of your oral foundation.

    This offers several health benefits that include preventing any bone loss whilst supporting the jawbone structure and reducing the risk of gum disease. More.

    “If treated correctly, dental implants can last from ten to twenty-five years or more.”

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    The longevity of your implant depends on how you improve and maintain your oral health. Read more.